Senate committee advances budget reform plan

Senate committee advances budget reform plan
© Greg Nash

The Senate Budget Committee on Wednesday advanced a plan to overhaul a budget and spending process its members characterized as “broken.”

“Something needs to change,” said Chairman Mike EnziMichael (Mike) Bradley EnziThe Hill's Morning Report - Trump trial begins with clashes, concessions Cheney's decision not to run for Senate sparks Speaker chatter Juan Williams: Counting the votes to remove Trump MORE (R-Wyo.), who pointed to a deficit nearing $1 trillion and debt that has surpassed $23 trillion. “Both parties contributed to this problem, and both parties will have to be part of the solution.”

The bipartisan bill approved by the committee, which advanced on 15-6 vote, would lengthen the annual budgeting process to two years and kick off the appropriations process earlier in the fiscal year. Appropriations bills that fund the government would still be considered annually.

The measure would automatically raise the debt limit in accordance with the budget, preventing the periodic fights that have brought the federal government to the brink of default and rattled financial markets.

The legislation advanced despite serious disagreements over a provision that would make changes to what's known as budget reconciliation, a legislative tool that Republicans and Democrats alike have used to pass high-priority, controversial legislation like the 2017 GOP tax law.

The provision would require an automatic process to implement deficit reduction if deficits exceed the amounts planned by the committee, a process Democrats argue could lead to cuts from mandatory programs.

“Why this committee should supercharge that process, I do not know," said Sen. Ron WydenRonald (Ron) Lee WydenRestlessness, light rule-breaking and milk spotted on Senate floor as impeachment trial rolls on Hillicon Valley — Presented by Philip Morris International — UN calls for probe into alleged Saudi hack of Bezos | Experts see effort to 'silence' Washington Post | Bezos tweets tribute to Khashoggi Bezos tweets tribute to Khashoggi in wake of reports of Saudi phone hacking MORE (D-Ore.), who co-sponsored an amendment to strip out the language. "Under this proposal, reconciliation would no longer be optional. You’d have mandatory budget cuts triggered by a system that a majority party could easily manipulate."

The amendment to remove the provision was rejected, but Democrats like Sen. Sheldon WhitehouseSheldon WhitehouseCitizens United decision weathers 10 years of controversy Sanders defends vote against USMCA: 'Not a single damn mention' of climate change The Hill's Morning Report — President Trump on trial MORE (R.I.) said they expected to address the issue further before it advanced to the Senate floor.

“I think what we’ve heard from very respected senior members of this committee on my side of the aisle is concern that this provision lends itself to tricks and gimmicks, and traps and things that can be used to jam the other side and attack basic programs like Medicare that I believe we all support,” Whitehouse said. “I think my colleagues concerns deserve to be worked through."

An analysis by the Center on Budget and Policy priorities called the provision “highly problematic,” arguing that “it could drive deep cuts in mandatory programs such as Medicare, Medicaid, health insurance subsidies, [Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program], and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) — and at a time when the economy is weak, thus making the economy still weaker.”

The committee vowed to work with Democratic Sen. Jeff MerkleyJeffrey (Jeff) Alan MerkleyEnvironmentalists, Oregon senators oppose DOT increasing transport of natural gas by rail Senate Democrat says he is concerned intelligence community is 'bending' Soleimani presentations Democrats conflicted over how to limit Trump's war powers MORE (Ore.) on a provision to require the nonpartisan Congressional Budget Office to provide more granular data on its budget scores, including distributional effects.

The bill’s prospects, however, are uncertain. A bipartisan, bicameral committee to reform the budget failed to agree last year on a final set of recommendations. That committee considered several provisions similar to those offered in Wednesday’s bill.

This story was updated at 9:52 a.m.