On The Money: House chairman issues subpoenas for Trump's tax returns | Trump touts trade talks as China, US fail to reach deal | Five things to know about Trump's trade war with China | GOP offers support for Trump on tariffs

On The Money: House chairman issues subpoenas for Trump's tax returns | Trump touts trade talks as China, US fail to reach deal | Five things to know about Trump's trade war with China | GOP offers support for Trump on tariffs
© Greg Nash

Happy Friday and welcome back to On The Money, where we would also like to take a trip to the Moon by 2024. I'm Sylvan Lane, and here's your nightly guide to everything affecting your bills, bank account and bottom line.

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THE BIG DEAL--House chairman issues subpoenas for Trump's tax returns: House Ways and Means Committee Chairman Richard NealRichard Edmund NealJudge sides with NY officials in Trump tax return lawsuit On The Money: US paid record .1B in tariffs in September | Dems ramp up oversight of 'opportunity zones' | Judge hints at letting House lawsuit over Trump tax returns proceed Judge hints at letting House lawsuit over Trump tax returns proceed MORE (D-Mass.) on Friday announced that he has issued subpoenas for six years of President TrumpDonald John TrumpGOP senators balk at lengthy impeachment trial Warren goes local in race to build 2020 movement 2020 Democrats make play for veterans' votes MORE's tax returns, House Democrats' latest effort to obtain the returns.

Neal said that he issued the subpoenas to Treasury Secretary Steven MnuchinSteven Terner MnuchinNew book questions Harris's record on big banks On The Money: US paid record .1B in tariffs in September | Dems ramp up oversight of 'opportunity zones' | Judge hints at letting House lawsuit over Trump tax returns proceed Democrats ramp up oversight efforts over 'opportunity zone' incentive MORE and IRS Commissioner Charles Rettig. The subpoenas direct the officials to send the information to the House panel by 5 p.m. on May 17.

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"After reviewing the options available to me, and upon the advice of counsel, I issued subpoenas today to the Secretary of the Treasury and the Commissioner of the IRS for six years of personal and business returns," Neal said in a statement.

"While I do not take this step lightly, I believe this action gives us the best opportunity to succeed and obtain the requested material. I sincerely hope that the Treasury Department will furnish the requested material in the next week so the committee can quickly begin its work."  

The announcement comes days after Mnuchin rejected Neal's request, first made April 3, for Trump's personal and business tax returns from 2013 to 2018. The Hill's Naomi Jagoda tells us how we got here.

 

LEADING THE DAY: Trump touts trade talks as China, US fail to reach deal: Trade talks between the U.S. and China ended Friday without a deal, as President Trump ratcheted up tensions with Beijing by increasing tariffs on $200 billion in imports and declining to set a date for future talks.

In a pair of tweets, Trump called the past two days of negotiations "candid and constructive" but stressed he is prepared to wait out Chinese President Xi Jinping until he delivers on key concessions.

"The relationship between President Xi and myself remains a very strong one, and conversations into the future will continue," Trump said in the tweets. "In the meantime, the United States has imposed Tariffs on China, which may or may not be removed depending on what happens with respect to future negotiations!"

Trump's tweets came soon after Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin said a U.S. delegation concluded "constructive discussions" with Chinese officials. But Mnuchin did not announce a deal.

  • The Treasury chief, who has helped lead the months-long trade negotiations, spoke after Chinese Vice Premier Liu He and his team departed the offices after about two hours of meetings.

So, what happens next? It's hard to say. There are no further talks between the Trump administration and China scheduled right now, but that could change fairly soon if Friday's negotiations were as "constructive" as Trump and Mnuchin said.

Even so, Trump is clearly projecting confidence that he doesn't need to make a deal with China, arguing Friday that there is "no need to rush" an agreement.

"Tariffs will bring in FAR MORE wealth to our Country than even a phenomenal deal of the traditional kind. Also, much easier & quicker to do," Trump tweeted, adding in a separate message that "China should not renegotiate deals with the U.S. at the last minute."

 

The problem with Trump's argument: Tariffs are merely taxes on foreign goods paid by U.S. importers and often passed down to consumers. Despite Trump's claim, China isn't actually paying tariffs on its own goods being imported to the U.S.

The main function of tariffs is to make foreign products relatively more expensive than domestic ones. The goal here is to incentivize consumers to purchase more domestic products and fewer foreign products.

Of course, this also means that consumers will end up paying more for basic products if they can't find a suitable replacement made in the U.S. or elsewhere.

Higher taxes on a broader group of goods would likely raises prices on basic food products, household goods and apparel. American manufacturers, meanwhile, would find themselves in a position where they have to pay more for certain parts from China, adding to pressure for them to counter those costs by boosting prices for their products.

So, while Trump insists that the U.S. stands to make money from China, the tariffs really just make Americans spend more of their own money. I've got more on that and the five things you need to know about Trump's trade war with China here.

 

Republicans split on Trump's trade war: The president's trade policy makes him an outlier among Republicans, who are typically averse to tariffs and in favor of free trade. While many members of his party share Trump's concerns with China, Republicans say they are deeply worried about the domestic impact of tariffs.

Adding to the pressure is the mounting cost of Trump's tariffs on steel and aluminum and retaliatory tariffs from allies like Canada, Mexico and the European Union.

GOP lawmakers from agricultural states have warned Trump about the heavy toll of his trade policy on farmers. Some senators are proposing limits on his tariff power, while others have implored him to quickly cement a deal with China.

"The way you deal with that is not using a tit-for-tat tariff war," said Rep. Will HurdWilliam Ballard HurdThe Hill's 12:30 Report: Democrats open televised impeachment hearings Here are the key players to watch at impeachment hearing Hillicon Valley: Schumer questions Army over use of TikTok | Federal court rules against random searches of travelers' phones | Groups push for election security funds in stopgap bill | Facebook's new payment feature | Disney+ launch hit by glitches MORE (R-Texas) on CNN's "New Day."

"It's going to be more expensive for Americans to buy products," he said.

But others have rallied behind Trump, arguing that the fight he's waging is important and worth the cost.

 

ON TAP NEXT WEEK

Monday:

  • The Bipartisan Policy Center holds an event with former Small Business Administration Administrator Karen Mills entitled "A Conversation with Karen Mills: Fintech, Small Business, and the American Dream," 5:30 p.m.

 

Tuesday:

  • The Senate Judiciary Committee holds a hearing entitled "5G: National Security Concerns, Intellectual Property Issues, and the Impact on Competition and Innovation."
  • The Senate Finance Committee holds a hearing on challenges in the retirement system, 10:15 a.m.
  • The Senate Budget Committee hosts two former chairmen of the panel for a hearing on fixing the budget process, 2:30 p.m.

 

Wednesday:

  • The Senate Banking Committee hosts the leaders of the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, Federal Deposit Insurance Corp., National Credit Union Administration, and Federal Reserve Vice Chair of Supervision for a hearing on financial regulator oversight, 10 a.m.
  • The House Budget Committee holds a hearing entitled "Keeping Our Promise to America's Seniors: Retirement Security in the 21st Century," 10 a.m.
  • A House Financial Services subcommittee holds a hearing on workers' rights and protections, 10 a.m.
  • A House Financial Services subcommittee holds a hearing on the use of financial sanctions in national security and foreign policy, 2:30 p.m.

 

Thursday:

  • The House Financial Services Committee holds a hearing entitled "Oversight of Prudential Regulators: Ensuring the Safety, Soundness and Accountability of Megabanks and other Depository Institutions," 10 a.m.
  • The House Oversight and Reform Committee holds a hearing entitled "CFPB's Role in Empowering Predatory Lenders: Examining the Proposed Repeal of the Payday Lending Rule," 2 p.m.

 

GOOD TO KNOW

 

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