On The Money: Senate passes disaster aid bill after deal with Trump | Trump to offer $16B aid package for farmers | House votes to boost retirement savings | Study says new tariffs to double costs for consumers

On The Money: Senate passes disaster aid bill after deal with Trump | Trump to offer $16B aid package for farmers | House votes to boost retirement savings | Study says new tariffs to double costs for consumers
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Happy Thursday and welcome back to On The Money, where we love a little bit of storm-related irony so long as no one gets hurt. I'm Sylvan Lane, and here's your nightly guide to everything affecting your bills, bank account and bottom line.

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THE BIG DEAL-- Senate passes disaster aid bill after deal with Trump: The Senate easily cleared a long-stalled disaster aid package after Republicans reached a deal with President TrumpDonald John Trump Former US ambassador: 'Denmark is not a big fan of Donald Trump and his politics' Senate Democrats push for arms control language in defense policy bill Detroit county sheriff endorses Booker for president MORE to drop border-related provisions from the bill.

Senators voted 85-8 on the legislation, which provides $19.1 billion in recovery money for a recent slate of wildfires, hurricanes and storms. GOP Sens. Marsha BlackburnMarsha BlackburnTaylor Swift defends staying out of the 2016 election: 'I just knew I wasn't going to help' The 23 Republicans who opposed Trump-backed budget deal Senate passes sweeping budget deal, sending it to Trump MORE (Tenn.), Mike BraunMichael BraunOvernight Energy: Trump EPA looks to change air pollution permit process | GOP senators propose easing Obama water rule | Green group sues EPA over lead dust rules The 23 Republicans who opposed Trump-backed budget deal Pair of GOP senators propose easing Obama water rule MORE (Ind.), Mike CrapoMichael (Mike) Dean CrapoA US-UK free trade agreement can hold the Kremlin to account Oversight Republicans demand answers on Capital One data breach On The Money: Fed cuts rates for first time since financial crisis | Trump rips Fed after chief casts doubt on future cuts | Stocks slide | Senate kicks budget vote amid scramble for GOP support MORE (Idaho), Mike LeeMichael (Mike) Shumway LeeMcConnell, allies lean into Twitter, media 'war' Conservatives buck Trump over worries of 'socialist' drug pricing Criminal justice reform should extend to student financial aid MORE (Utah), Martha McSallyMartha Elizabeth McSallyAnti-gun violence organization endorses Kelly's Senate bid The Hill's Morning Report - Trump searches for backstops amid recession worries Arizona poll shows Kelly overtaking McSally MORE (Ariz.), Rand PaulRandal (Rand) Howard PaulGraham promises ObamaCare repeal if Trump, Republicans win in 2020 Conservatives buck Trump over worries of 'socialist' drug pricing Rand Paul to 'limit' August activities due to health MORE (Ky.), Jim RischJames (Jim) Elroy RischTrump moves forward with billion F-16 sale to Taiwan Trump moves forward with F-16 sale to Taiwan opposed by China Overnight Defense: US exits landmark arms control treaty with Russia | Pentagon vows to 'fully pursue' once-banned missiles | Ratcliffe out as intel pick | Trump signs budget deal that boosts defense | Trump defends North Korea's Kim as 'friend' MORE (Idaho) and Mitt RomneyWillard (Mitt) Mitt RomneyRomney: 'Putin and Kim Jong Un deserve a censure rather than flattery' A US-UK free trade agreement can hold the Kremlin to account Ex-CIA chief worries campaigns falling short on cybersecurity MORE (Utah) voted against the bill.

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The House has already left for the weeklong Memorial Day recess. But a Democratic leadership aide said the caucus supports the measure and hopes to clear it by unanimous consent on Friday. The Hill's Jordain Carney tells us how we got here.

  • "We've proposed ... that we come forth with a clean disaster package, a lot of things off including border security stuff, just disaster, basically. And the president said OK," Shelby told reporters.
  • The deal, according to a GOP appropriations aide, includes a total of $19.1 billion for disaster recovery.

 

Breaking down the bill:

  • In a win for Democrats, it also includes $600 million in food stamp money for Puerto Rico and an additional $300 million in Housing and Urban Development (HUD) grants for the commonwealth.
  • The Senate's original disaster bill, which included only the food stamp funding, derailed after Trump criticized Puerto Rico's handling of recovery money during a closed-door GOP lunch. Lawmakers acknowledged earlier this week that they had finalized that portion of the package.

 

LEADING THE DAY

Trump administration announces $16B aid package for farmers hurt by trade war with China: The assistance will provide direct payments to help farmers make up for losses resulting from retaliatory tariffs Beijing imposed on major U.S. crops. Limited access to China's market has helped drive down the price of agricultural commodities since the collapse of trade talks earlier this month.

  • Beijing increased tariffs on $60 billion in U.S. goods in response to Trump's decision to raise tariffs on $250 billion in Chinese imports to 25 percent.
  • The program is similar to a $12 billion aid package Trump approved last year amid heightened trade tensions with China.
  • It is expected to last through the rest of the year, with the first batch of payments sent out in late July or early August. The president had previously said tariff revenue would help fund the aid package but the program as described by the Agriculture Department is not expected to directly use money collected from tariffs.

"President Trump has great affection for America's farmers and ranchers, and he knows they are bearing the brunt of these trade disputes," Agriculture Secretary Sonny PerdueGeorge (Sonny) Ervin PerdueUSDA eases relocation timeline as researchers flee agency The Hill's Morning Report - How will Trump be received in Dayton and El Paso? USDA office move may have broken law, watchdog says MORE said in a statement. "In fact, I've never known of a president that has been more concerned or interested in farmer wellbeing and long-term profitability than President Trump."

 

New Trump tariffs double costs to consumers, lower tax revenue, study shows:

President Trump's latest tariff increases on Chinese imports brought the annual cost of import taxes to $831 per household, according to a study on the New York Federal Reserve's blog.

The study by Mary Amiti, Stephen J. Redding, and David E. Weinstein found Trump's decision to increase tariffs on $200 billion of Chinese imports from 10 percent to 25 percent doubles the cost to American households compared to all his previous tariffs.

The increased cost to consumers amounts to $106 billion a year.

But the higher tariffs could actually lead to a drop in revenue for the Treasury Department, because the price increase is large enough to push consumers to buy alternative offerings from countries such as Vietnam.

"According to our estimates, these higher tariffs are likely to create large economic distortions and reduce U.S. tariff revenues," the authors concluded. The Hill's Niv Elis breaks down the study here.

 

House votes to boost retirement savings: The House on Thursday passed a bipartisan bill aimed at boosting retirement savings that also fixes an issue with the GOP tax law.

The bill, known as the SECURE Act, passed by a vote of 417-3. The three lawmakers who voted against the bill were GOP Reps. Justin AmashJustin AmashLawmakers blast Trump as Israel bars door to Tlaib and Omar House Democrats targeting six more Trump districts for 2020 Sanford headed to New Hampshire amid talk of challenge to Trump MORE (Mich.), Thomas MassieThomas Harold MassieAirports already have plenty of infrastructure funding Overnight Defense: House votes to block Trump arms sales to Saudis, setting up likely veto | US officially kicks Turkey out of F-35 program | Pentagon sending 2,100 more troops to border House votes to block Trump's Saudi arms sale MORE (Ky.) and Chip RoyCharles (Chip) Eugene RoyGOP lawmaker blasts Omar and Tlaib: Netanyahu right to block 'enemies' of Israel The Hill's Campaign Report: 2020 Democrats step up attacks ahead of Detroit debate Conservatives call on Pelosi to cancel August recess MORE (Texas).

The bill includes a number of provisions designed to encourage businesses to offer retirement plans and to make it easier for people to save for their retirements.

These include provisions that would make it easier for small businesses to join together to offer retirement plans, treat graduate students' stipends as compensation for purposes concerning individual retirement accounts (IRA), allow long-term and part-time workers to participate in companies' 401(k) plans, and eliminate the age maximum for contributing to IRAs.

The bill also would reverse changes that the GOP tax law made to a tax on children's unearned income known as the "kiddie tax." The changes unintentionally raised taxes on certain income received by children, such as benefits received by the children of deceased military members and first responders.

The Hill's Naomi Jagoda has more on the bill and what's next in the Senate.

 

Drink up: The trade war is also bad news for the brews: A study by the Beer Institute and National Beer Wholesalers Association found that direct, indirect and induced jobs dropped to 2.19 million in 2018 from 2.23 million in 2016, according to Bloomberg News, and insiders say Trump's steel and aluminum tariffs are the cause.

 

GOOD TO KNOW:

  • Two House Appropriations subcommittees on Thursday passed spending bills that defy President Trump's requests to slash spending on agriculture, transportation and housing.
  • The Dow Jones Industrial Average plunged 375 points, or 1.4 percent, in the opening hour of trading Thursday morning, amid fears that President Trump's trade war with China is escalating. It closed down 286 points.
  • JPMorgan Chase, the largest bank in the United States by assets, will reportedly no longer offer its services to OxyContin producer Purdue Pharma over the company's alleged role in the country's opioid crisis.

 

ODDS AND ENDS

  • A top Huawei official said Thursday that the company will have its own operating system ready to replace Google and Microsoft smartphone and laptop software if permanently blocked from licensing the American products.