GOP lawmakers press Trump to cut deal with China at G-20

Senate Republicans are pressing President TrumpDonald John TrumpDemocrat calls on White House to withdraw ambassador to Belarus nominee TikTok collected data from mobile devices to track Android users: report Peterson wins Minnesota House primary in crucial swing district MORE to strike a trade deal with China or to at least make significant progress at the Group of 20 (G-20) summit in Osaka, Japan, where Trump will meet with Chinese President Xi Jinping.

Republican lawmakers are eager for Trump to reach an accommodation with China, or at least hold off on another round of tariffs on $300 billion on Chinese imports that would hit American consumers by raising the prices of agricultural imports, housewares and electronics.

GOP senators at a private meeting this week impressed on Trump’s top economic adviser, Larry KudlowLarry KudlowMORE, the need for a breakthrough.

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“I really hope President Trump and President Xi can put aside the differences and do what’s in the best interests of both countries,” said Sen. Ron JohnsonRonald (Ron) Harold JohnsonHillicon Valley: Facebook removed over 22 million posts for hate speech in second quarter | Republicans introduce bill to defend universities against hackers targeting COVID-19 research | Facebook's Sandberg backs Harris as VP pick Republicans set sights on FBI chief as Russia probe investigations ramp up Davis: The Hall of Shame for GOP senators who remain silent on Donald Trump MORE (R-Wis.). “In terms of the economy, I think it’s pretty important.” 

“I think we haven’t really begun to see the true impact to our own economy,” he added. “I hope both sides will recognize the economic benefits to doing a deal. I hope both sides will be gracious to the other. Trade should be a win-win situation.”

Johnson said he delivered that message to Kudlow during a meeting with the Senate Republican Conference. 

Trump and Xi are expected to sit down together Saturday.

U.S. and Chinese trade delegations met Friday, with U.S. Trade Representative Robert LighthizerRobert (Bob) Emmet LighthizerGOP senator warns quick vote on new NAFTA would be 'huge mistake' Pelosi casts doubt on USMCA deal in 2019 Pelosi sounds hopeful on new NAFTA deal despite tensions with White House MORE and Treasury Secretary Steven MnuchinSteven Terner MnuchinOn The Money: McConnell says it's time to restart coronavirus talks | New report finds majority of Americans support merger moratorium | Corporate bankruptcies on pace for 10-year high McConnell: Time to restart coronavirus talks Lawmakers of color urge Democratic leadership to protect underserved communities in coronavirus talks MORE and Chinese Vice Premier Liu He in attendance.

The U.S. and China account for almost 40 percent of global gross domestic product — 22 percent and 15 percent, respectively.

Economists warn that the global economy will slow if the trade war drags on. That, in turn, could dampen demand for U.S. products in markets around the world. 

Morgan Stanley warned in a note to clients last month that if the U.S.-China trade talks fail and Trump increases tariffs on more Chinese imports it could push the world economy into a recession.

Senate Republicans are taking those red flags seriously. 

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“What I want to see from the G-20 is China and America back at the table,” said Senate Finance Committee Chairman Chuck GrassleyCharles (Chuck) Ernest GrassleyOn The Money: McConnell says it's time to restart coronavirus talks | New report finds majority of Americans support merger moratorium | Corporate bankruptcies on pace for 10-year high McConnell: Time to restart coronavirus talks GOP Finance chairman raises concerns about Trump push to make payroll-tax deferral permanent MORE (R-Iowa). “Their economy is hurting, ours is slowing down. The world trade is slowing down. It might be a little bit negative right now.”

A trade deal “is going to benefit China, it’s going to benefit us — it’s going to benefit the whole world,” he added. 

But Grassley said he is not optimistic about a deal coming out of this weekend’s talks.

“All you can expect is just to get back to the table,” he said.

Democrats, meanwhile, think Trump’s trade war with China can help them increase their share of the vote in rural parts of Senate battleground states next year.

“The tariff stuff — there’s no explanation for this,” Sen. Jon TesterJonathan (Jon) TesterThe Hill's Morning Report - Presented by Facebook - At loggerheads, Congress, White House to let jobless payout lapse Overnight Defense: Senate poised to pass defense bill with requirement to change Confederate base names | Key senator backs Germany drawdown | Space Force chooses 'semper supra' as motto Democrats call for expedited hearing for Trump's public lands nominee MORE (D-Mont.), a former chairman of the Democratic Senatorial Campaign Committee, said when asked what’s giving Democrats more optimism about taking back control of the Senate next year. 

“Why do I say tariffs when there are a lot of other things? Those are areas he won and he’s hurting those people the worst,” Tester said of the impact the trade war is having in rural areas of Senate battlegrounds like Montana, Iowa and North Carolina, where farming is a big part of the local economy.

Kudlow told GOP lawmakers that the most likely outcome of this weekend’s talks with China is a return to where things were in early May, before the breakdown that caused the stock markets to drop, according to senators who attended the meeting. 

“He’d like to get back to where they were in May,” said Sen. Pat RobertsCharles (Pat) Patrick RobertsMcConnell warns control of Senate 'could go either way' in November Davis: The Hall of Shame for GOP senators who remain silent on Donald Trump McConnell goes hands-off on coronavirus relief bill MORE (R-Kan.), adding that Kudlow only said the outcome of the weekend talks is “to be determined.”

GOP senators say a lot is riding on averting a full-blown tariff war with the world’s second-largest economy.

“I think it would be pretty important to show some progress. There are a lot of people I know in farm country that want to see evidence that they’re making some significant headway toward a deal,” said Senate Republican Whip John ThuneJohn Randolph ThuneDavis: The Hall of Shame for GOP senators who remain silent on Donald Trump Trump says he'll accept nomination from either White House or Gettysburg Meadows says he wants Trump nomination speech 'miles and miles away' from White House MORE (S.D.).

“It’s good news to me that they think they’re 90 percent of the way there. I hope that’s correct, and I hope they can get the other 10 percent quickly because this prolonged dispute is having some pretty harmful economic consequences in ag country among other places,” he said. 

Republican lawmakers are especially concerned that Trump may slap a 25 percent tariff on another $300 billion in Chinese goods if the talks fall flat.

That would include hundreds of items like gloves, mittens, overcoats, shoes, sneakers, toys, cameras and wristwatches. 

“If in fact things would not go well, there’s always the threat of the president using an additional tariff and then we go down that road again. That would be most unfortunate,” said Roberts, who is concerned about Chinese retaliatory tariffs against U.S. farm exports.

Trump on Wednesday said he might place a lower tariff on the $300 billion in additional Chinese goods if the talks hit an impasse this weekend. 

“Phase two doesn’t have to be 25 percent. It could be 10 percent, which people can absolutely handle,” Trump told Maria BartiromoMaria Sara BartiromoGOP lawmaker: Democratic Party 'used to be more moderate' The IRS undermines the objective of the PPP Businesses plead for states to enforce mask mandates MORE of Fox News on Wednesday.

One Republican senator who requested anonymity to discuss the negotiations said those tariffs, known as “list 4,” would hit American consumers more than past rounds because of the products targeted. 

“I hope the list 4 tariffs can be avoided,” the lawmaker said of the outcome of the weekend negotiations.