The head of the main pharmaceutical industry lobbying group on Thursday warned that a bill to lower drug prices from Speaker Nancy PelosiNancy PelosiHouse has the power to subpoena its members — but does it have the will? Man who threatened to kill Ocasio-Cortez, Pelosi pleads guilty to federal charges The Hill's 12:30 Report: Dems look to repackage BBB into salvageable bill MORE (D-Calif.) would have a “devastating” effect on the industry and weaken its ability to develop new treatments.
The Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA) is one of the most powerful groups in Washington, and its CEO, Steve Ubl, outlined on Thursday the arguments the group is making as it seeks to ward off a push from the House, Senate and Trump administration to crack down on its prices.
Pelosi’s measure is expected to pass the House as soon as the end of October.
But the bill faces tough odds in the Republican-controlled Senate, where Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellBiden: A good coach knows when to change up the team McConnell says he made 'inadvertent omission' in voting remarks amid backlash These Senate seats are up for election in 2022 MORE (R-Ky.) has vowed to block what he has called "socialist price controls."
Pelosi hopes if President TrumpDonald TrumpCheney challenger wins Wyoming Republican activists' straw poll We must do more to protect American Jews 6 in 10 say they would back someone other than Biden in 2024: Fox News poll MORE, who has long railed against high drug prices, endorses her bill, it would push it toward the finish line, though a potential deal could be more unlikely given the House’s impeachment inquiry against Trump.
Ubl, though, said his group is treating Pelosi’s measure, which would allow the government to negotiate lower prices on up to 250 drugs per year, as a real threat of becoming law, and is pushing back accordingly.
“I think there may be a mistaken notion in certain quarters that this is a messaging bill that won't become law and therefore it's a free vote, and we're here to say otherwise,” Ubl told reporters. “This type of policy would have a devastating effect on the industry and the patients that we serve and we're going to continue to take it very seriously and engage with policymakers accordingly.”
Supporters of the measure say the industry’s arguments that cutting drug prices would reduce innovation in new drugs is always the argument that industry makes to protect their high prices.
“It's not going to hurt innovation,” Pelosi said at an event earlier this week in Washington state, saying that the bill would invest in research at the National Institutes of Health.
“We will have savings that we can reinvest in innovation that benefits everyone and not just the bottom line of the pharmaceutical industry,” she said.
House Democratic lawmakers were given a memo last month from focus groups of swing voters conducted by the firm Hart Research Associates. "Pharmaceutical companies' claims that this bill will stifle investment in R&D are met with skepticism and have a very limited impact on swing voters,” the memo states. “Many see pharma's message point as a scare tactic that drug companies have used for years to avoid reforms that will cut into their profits.”
Many leading drug companies are highly profitable. PhRMA argued on Thursday that reducing its companies’ profits would reduce the incentive for investors to take a risk by investing in drug companies, whose new treatments often fail somewhere along the line in development.
“We rely on capital investment to develop our R&D to produce new medicines,” said Lori Reilly, chief operating officer for PhRMA. “If you do diminish the return element, or the profitability element of that, you take away the incentive for many investors to put money in here, because there's lots of places you can invest in, lots of places that carry a lot less risk.”
Sens. Chuck GrassleyChuck GrassleySmall ranchers say Biden letting them get squeezed These Senate seats are up for election in 2022 Hillicon Valley — Senate panel advances major antitrust bill MORE (R-Iowa) and Ron WydenRonald (Ron) Lee WydenBiden comments add momentum to spending bill's climate measures These Senate seats are up for election in 2022 Democrats call on Biden administration to ease entry to US for at-risk Afghans MORE (D-Ore.) have proposed a somewhat more modest drug pricing bill.
But PhRMA also opposes that measure, and many doubt McConnell will bring up even that more modest bill.
Ubl argued that his group is not opposed to all action on drug prices, though, and would support actions that lower what patients pay out of pocket, rather than cutting the overall sticker price of the drug.
“The industry would support a balanced package,” he said. “We're not for the status quo.”