House Democrats call on Biden to unfreeze Afghan central bank reserves

Rep. Pramila Jayapal (D-Wash.) addresses reporters during a press conference on Wednesday, December 8, 2021 about a resolution condemning Rep. Lauren Boebert's (R-Colo.) use of Islamaphobic rhetoric and removing her from her current committee assignments
Greg Nash

More than 40 House Democrats on Monday called on President Biden to open up access to economic reserves for Afghanistan in order to prevent “imminent mass starvation.”

In their letter to Biden, the 46 Democrats, led by progressive Reps. Pramila Jayapal (Wash.), Sara Jacobs (Calif.) and Jesús Garcia (Ill.), stressed that while they supported the decision to withdraw from Afghanistan, they also agreed with international calls for the U.S. to avoid imposing economic measures that would contribute to Afghanistan’s collapsing economy.

“This means conscientiously but urgently modifying current U.S. policy regarding the freeze of Afghanistan’s foreign reserves and ongoing sanctions,” they wrote.

They also asked Biden to provide “more explicit reassurances” to overseas organizations that operating in Afghanistan will not risk violating U.S. sanctions against Taliban members. 

International organizations such as the United Nations have warned that Afghanistan is facing widespread famine this winter, with 97 percent of people in Afghanistan projected to be living in poverty if interventions aren’t made.

Almost immediately after the Taliban took power in Afghanistan in August, entities around the world moved to cut off international resources. The World Bank suspended aid funds to Afghanistan, and the International Monetary Fund (IMF) moved to cut off the country’s access to the organization’s resources, citing a lack of international recognition for the Taliban.

The U.S. also froze nearly $10 billion in Afghan government funds being held in American banks.

House progressives signaled their support for a plan proposed by current and former Afghan central bank officials to provide access to hard currency reserves. They also asked Biden to work with the IMF in order to provide access to emergency financing for Afghanistan.

“We deplore the new Taliban government’s grave human rights abuses, crackdowns on civil society and repression of women and LGBTQ people,” they wrote. “However, pragmatic U.S. engagement with the de facto authorities is nevertheless key to averting unprecedented harm to tens of millions of women, children and innocent civilians.”

They warned that continuing to enforce harsh sanctions on Afghanistan would risk “humanitarian devastation” and result in the Taliban refusing to engage with the U.S.

A spokesperson for the National Security Council told The Hill in a statement that the administration was looking for ways to support the needs of the Afghan people.
The United States is a longstanding supporter to the Afghan people, including as the largest single provider of humanitarian assistance and continue to look at additional ways to support the needs of the Afghan people,” the spokesman said. “We are engaged intensively and urgently on this issue, have rolled out a variety of policy measures to respond in support of the Afghan people and are in the process of rolling out additional measures.”
Addressing the matter of economic reserves, a senior administration official said it was a “complicated issue” that the White House is “reviewing intensely.” The official pointed out that the U.S. has announced over $200 million in humanitarian assistance for the Afghan people since mid-August.
As the New York Times noted, there are multiple lawsuits seeking a portion of the frozen Afghan funds, such as one suit filed in the Northern District of Texas by State Department contractors seeking a $138 default judgment against numerous defendants including the Taliban.
The White House also called on Afghanistan’s neighbors and other countries close to the region like China and Russia to provide meaningful support.

This call comes just days after a bipartisan coalition of House lawmakers similarly asked Secretary of State Antony Blinken and Treasury Secretary Janet Yellen to provide aid funds to the Afghan people. They recommended that Biden release frozen Afghan funds to a U.N. agency in order to pay for teachers’ salaries and meals for children.

Lawmakers said the Biden administration should also permit international financial institutions to “inject the necessary economic capital” into Afghanistan in order to prevent an economic downfall. Failure to prevent a worsening economic and food crisis could lead to further instability in the region, they warned.

“No one benefits from a failed state in Afghanistan,” they said, adding that the U.S. has a responsibility to help Afghans  survive this winter and “preserve what can be salvaged of the progress made during the last 20 years.”

This story was updated at 5:53 p.m.

Tags Antony Blinken Chuy Garcia House Progressive Caucus In Afghanistan Janet Yellen Joe Biden Pramila Jayapal Presidency of Joe Biden Reactions to the fall of Kabul Taliban War in Afghanistan

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