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FBI in the eye of Senate storm

Public pressure is bearing down on the FBI as agents move to complete an investigation into sexual assault allegations against Judge Brett Kavanaugh, President TrumpDonald John TrumpCorker: US must determine responsibility in Saudi journalist's death Five takeaways from testy Heller-Rosen debate in Nevada Dem senator calls for US action after 'preposterous' Saudi explanation MORE’s embattled Supreme Court nominee.

Trump has called for a “comprehensive” but swift investigation, imposing a deadline on the FBI that has agents hurriedly interviewing witnesses to get to the bottom of allegations against Kavanaugh in one week.

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The White House has instructed the FBI to wrap up its probe by Friday, after which the bureau is expected to send a report to the Senate Judiciary Committee on its findings.

Should the FBI turn up evidence that corroborates the allegations against Kavanaugh or that casts doubt on his testimony, it could derail his nomination. But if the FBI report has the appearance of clearing Kavanaugh, it will pave the way for Republicans to secure key swing votes.

Either way, the investigation’s conclusion will carry massive political implications just more than a month from the November midterm elections.

It’s a task for which the FBI is well-prepared, former agents and experts say, given the bureau’s vast resources and the tight deadlines often faced in completing background investigations.

“The FBI is very accustomed to this type of deadline and type of investigation,” said Steve Gomez, a former FBI special agent in charge in Los Angeles. “They would have contacted every field office to put them all on alert.” 

At the same time, it will put the FBI in the political crosshairs once again after a series of high-profile controversies that have tarnished the bureau’s image.

Democrats angry with how the FBI handled its investigation of former Secretary of State Hillary ClintonHillary Diane Rodham ClintonRepublicans bail on Coffman to invest in Miami seat Katy Perry praises Taylor Swift for diving into politics Election Countdown: Small-donor donations explode | Russian woman charged with midterm interference | Takeaways from North Dakota Senate debate | O'Rourke gives 'definitive no' to 2020 run | Dems hope Latino voters turn Arizona blue MORE’s private email server are pressing the White House and Trump to ensure the bureau has as much time as possible to conduct its investigation.

Senate Minority Leader Charles SchumerCharles (Chuck) Ellis SchumerThe Hill's Morning Report — Presented by the Coalition for Affordable Prescription Drugs — Health care a top policy message in fall campaigns McConnell says deficits 'not a Republican problem' Medicare for All is disastrous for American seniors and taxpayers MORE (D-N.Y.) has requested the FBI brief the full Senate on the investigation at least 24 hours before the procedural vote to move forward with the nomination.

Trump, who has been angry with the FBI over its investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 presidential election, has put his faith in the bureau in this case, saying it should talk to anyone it wants to, provided that’s OK with Senate Republicans.

Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellMeghan McCain calls Russian attacks against her father the 'highest compliment' to her family Schumer: Fight for Senate is 'neck and neck' Nikki Haley powerfully rebuts Trump MORE (R-Ky.) said Tuesday that the FBI’s report would be given to all senators, but not released publicly. “That’s the way these reports are always handled,” McConnell said.

Despite McConnell’s statement, there is likely to be immense pressure on the Trump administration and Congress to release details of the FBI’s findings upon the conclusion of the probe, even if doing so would run counter to normal practice.

The FBI usually conducts its work in secret, but its every action in this case is under enormous public scrutiny.

News alerts about individual interviews have become public in the past 48 hours, as have reports that Christine Blasey Ford, the first woman to make public accusations against Kavanaugh, has yet to be interviewed.

Ford’s attorneys took aim at the bureau in a letter sent Tuesday to FBI Director Christopher Wray and general counsel Dana Boente for not taking them up on numerous offers to assist in the investigation.

“It is inconceivable that the FBI could conduct a thorough investigation of Dr. Ford’s allegations without interviewing her, Judge Kavanaugh, or the witnesses we have identified in our letters to you,” wrote the two attorneys, Michael Bromwich and Debra Katz. They requested an immediate call with FBI leadership or those in charge of the investigation. 

Republicans have seized on the fact that Ford’s lawyers have ties to Democrats in a broader push to accuse the minority of using Ford’s allegations to stall Kavanaugh’s confirmation.  

By Tuesday morning, the bureau had completed its interview of Mark Judge, a former classmate who Ford says was present when Kavanaugh sexually assaulted her at an impromptu gathering she says the three attended in high school. Barbara Van Gelder, Judge’s lawyer, declined to comment on the questions FBI agents asked him.

Experts say agents are likely asking witnesses about the gatherings at which the incidents allegedly occurred and Kavanaugh’s behavior, particularly his drinking habits. FBI agents are also expected to question witnesses on their relationships at the time, in order to track down other potential witnesses or leads.

Corroborating the allegations could prove difficult, given that they date back more than three decades and the encounters allegedly involved the use of alcohol, which could mar a witness’s recollection of the events.

“It’s more about trying to substantively prove or advance the proof of the allegation than anything else,” said Mark Zaid, a Washington-based lawyer and expert in background investigations.

The FBI initiated the investigation on Friday after Senate Republicans agreed to delay a vote on Kavanaugh’s confirmation to allow the bureau to reopen its background investigation. They did so one day after Ford’s dramatic testimony to the Senate Judiciary Committee, and only when it became clear the GOP did not have the votes needed to confirm Kavanaugh.

The nominee faces accusations from Ford as well as two other women, Deborah Ramirez and Julie Swetnick.

The bureau has faced fierce pressure from Democrats for information on the investigation’s scope, following reports over the weekend that the White House had constrained the FBI from interviewing Swetnick, who is represented by Michael Avenatti and whose credibility Trump and Republicans have called into question.

The FBI’s interviews could shed light on Kavanaugh’s drinking behavior in high school and college, potentially bolstering or eroding the credibility of his testimony before the Judiciary Committee last week. Subsequent reports have raised questions about Kavanaugh’s statements; one Yale classmate told CNN that Kavanaugh did not tell the truth about his drinking habits before the committee.

However, it would be up to the White House to direct the FBI to dig deeper into whether Kavanaugh may have perjured himself. On Tuesday, Bloomberg reported that Trump had not authorized the FBI to probe Kavanaugh’s alcohol use or potential perjury.

“That’s going to come from what their instructions are and how much liberty they feel that they have to look into things,” said Zaid.

Public attention on the investigation could outweigh efforts to keep details of the findings under seal. Sen. John CornynJohn CornynFive takeaways from Cruz, O'Rourke debate showdown Live coverage: Cruz faces O'Rourke in Texas debate showdown Trump, Feinstein feud intensifies over appeals court nominees MORE (Texas), the No. 2 Republican in the upper chamber, said he expects a “public statement” to be issued on the findings, though not the investigative report itself.

“There is this appetite to understand what really happened,” said Gomez, the former FBI agent who is now CEO of security consulting firm B2G Global Strategies. “And, we may not know what really happened at the end of the day.”