Trump administration sends list to Congress of Obama officials who 'unmasked' Flynn

The Trump administration has sent Congress a list of dozens of Obama administration officials who they say asked for documents that led to the identity of former national security adviser Michael Flynn being "unmasked" from intelligence reports between the 2016 election and President TrumpDonald John TrumpSessions accepts 'Fox News Sunday' invitation to debate, Tuberville declines Priest among those police cleared from St. John's Church patio for Trump visit Trump criticizes CNN on split-screen audio of Rose Garden address, protesters clashing with police MORE’s inauguration.

A copy of the list obtained by The Hill includes a who's who of Obama-era officials, including then-Vice President Joe BidenJoe BidenPresidents and 'presidents' Biden to blast Trump's church photo op in Philadelphia speech Rudy Giuliani calls on Cuomo to remove Bill de Blasio MORE, former White House chief of staff Denis McDonoughDenis Richard McDonoughSusan Rice calls for Flynn-Kislyak transcripts to be released GOP seeks to go on offense using Flynn against Biden Tucker Carlson: Flynn case was domestic spying operation 'hidden under the pretext of national security' MORE, former FBI Director James ComeyJames Brien ComeyRosenstein steps back into GOP crosshairs The Hill's Morning Report - Presented by Facebook - Trump tweets as tensions escalate across US This week: Senate reconvenes as protests roil nation amid pandemic MORE and former CIA Director John BrennanJohn Owen BrennanThe Hill's Morning Report - Presented by Facebook - Trump tweets as tensions escalate across US Trump asserts his power over Republicans Comey, Rice, Clapper among GOP senator's targets for subpoenas amid Obama-era probe MORE.

Acting Director of National Intelligence (DNI) Richard Grenell declassified and then sent the list of names to GOP Sens. Ron JohnsonRonald (Ron) Harold JohnsonRosenstein steps back into GOP crosshairs Sunday shows preview: Leaders weigh in as country erupts in protest over George Floyd death Schumer to GOP: Cancel 'conspiracy hearings' on origins of Russia probe MORE (Wis.) and Chuck GrassleyCharles (Chuck) Ernest GrassleyRosenstein steps back into GOP crosshairs Is Trump encouraging the world's use of national security as stealth protectionism? Expanding tax credit for businesses retaining workers gains bipartisan support MORE (Iowa) on Wednesday.

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“I am providing a revised list of identities of any officials who submitted requests to the National Security Agency at any point between 8 November 2016 and 31 January 2017 to unmask the identity of former National Security Advisor, Lieutenant General Michael T. Flynn USA-Ret.),” states the document from Grenell. The list has been re-organized into chronological order.

It is not uncommon for officials to ask for the identities of anonymous individuals unnamed in intelligence reports, but the list is likely to become part of an escalating debate over whether Flynn's prosecution was handled appropriately by federal authorities. 

President Trump also has frequently argued that Obama officials wanted to hurt him politically through selective leaks to the media. He and other officials have pointed to the unmasking of officials from intelligence reports as evidence of the attacks. 

Democrats see the list sent by Grenell as further evidence of how the Trump administration has politicized the intelligence community and the Justice Department, which controversially moved last week to drop charges against Flynn for lying to investigators despite securing a guilty plea.

Andrew Bates, a spokesman for Biden's presidential campaign, responded to the former VP’s presence on the list by tweeting a story from May 2018 where Johnson indicated that Biden is the biggest threat to Trump’s reelection chances in November.

“There is nothing improper about asking to unmask the name of a US person in a classified intelligence report as long as the requester has authorization and a justified reason,” said Barbara McQuade, a law professor at the University of Michigan.

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“If an unnamed US person were having suspicious communications with a foreign government, for example, then members of the intelligence community would have a duty to learn the person’s identity by requesting unmasking so that they could effectively assess the information,” McQuade added.

In fact, the list that was compiled by NSA Director Paul Nakasone said that: “Each individual was an authorized recipient of the original report and the unmasking was approved through NSA’s standard process, which includes a justification for the request.”

The memo also said that it could not confirm that these individuals had seen the contents of the reports.

It is typical for government officials to redact the names of American citizens in intelligence reports they receive, in order to protect their privacy. But officials can request that names — for example “U.S. Person 1” — be unmasked internally in order to provide the government with context about the potential value of the intelligence.

In this case, Flynn was being scrutinized for conversations he had with then-Russian ambassador Sergey Kislyak about the Obama administration’s sanctions on Moscow. Flynn ended up pleading guilty in December 2017 to lying to federal agents about conversations he had with the Russian diplomat, but he has since sought to withdraw his plea, claiming that his case had been tainted by “the government’s bad faith, vindictiveness, and breach of the plea agreement.”

The release of the list of names comes as Trump and his GOP allies have argued that Flynn is a victim of prosecutorial misconduct after the Justice Department (DOJ) recently released field notes that showed FBI officials debating how to handle a January 2017 interview with the former lieutenant general. A short while later, the DOJ filed a motion to dismiss the case, in what has been seen by legal experts as an unusual move, particularly because Flynn had pleaded guilty twice.

It is now up to a federal judge to decide whether to grant this motion, seek additional information, or push forward with sentencing.

The FBI field notes have caused an uproar, leading some of Trump's allies to claim the Obama administration was seeking to entrap Flynn. They have pointed to how one bureau agent asked in a handwritten note whether it was their goal “to get him to lie, so we can prosecute him or get him fired.”

“The records are one step forward in an important effort to get to the bottom of what the Obama administration did during the Russia investigation and to Lt. General Flynn,” Johnson and Grassley said in a joint statement. 

Sen. Rand PaulRandal (Rand) Howard PaulDemocratic senator to offer amendment halting 'military weaponry' given to police Second senator tests positive for coronavirus antibodies Senate Democrats pump brakes on new stimulus checks MORE (R-Ky.) has also invited Grenell to appear before his subcommittee next week to testify on the declassified documents.

Paul said investigators need to find out “what did President Obama know and when did he know it,” and he also took a shot at Biden, underscoring how the issue is likely to play out on the presidential battlefield.

“This is Vice President Biden using the spying powers of the United States to go after a political opponent. He’s caught red-handed here,” Paul added. “That to me is alarming.”

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But former federal prosecutors and legal experts have argued that the tactics used by the FBI in the Flynn were law enforcement 101 and that they were fairly applied in this case. 

“The term ‘unmasked’ sounds vaguely sinister, but it's hard to make out anything criminal here,” said Elie Honig, a former federal prosecutor. “High-ranking officials learned, with proper approvals and through authorized processes, of Flynn's identity as a participant in calls that had been intercepted by intelligence agents who raised alarms.”

Flynn’s name ultimately was leaked to the press, though it isn’t known who shared that information.

Mard Zaid, a national security lawyer, called the move “unprecedented.” And while he said the document does not tell the whole story, it does provide bread crumbs.

For example, requests through the NSA suggest that the intelligence community was targeting a foreign national outside the country. Likely, Flynn’s contacts with this individual would then have been incidentally picked up by the U.S. government. Then, officials would've then had to go through the proper channels to ask the NSA to provide the identity of the U.S. individual in contact with the foreign individual, which would've led to Flynn's unmasking.

“The key thing is that these are foreign intelligence reports created by the NSA of intercepted conversations of foreign nationals, in which Americans were incidentally picked up, And these U.S. senior government officials provided proper legal justification to ask who was that U.S. citizen in this document or documents,” Zaid told The Hill. “There's no anti-Trump or anti-Flynn conspiracy because they wouldn't know who's in the documents. We need to see those documents to know what was going on.”

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Prior to being named as Trump’s national security adviser, Flynn was also being investigated on whether he worked as being controlled by a foreign power or working as an unregistered agent in Turkey (he was not charged for either). Turkey is an important NATO ally, which could offer a glimpse into why former United Nation Ambassador Samantha PowerSamantha Jane Power'Obamagate' backfires: Documents show Biden, Obama acted properly 'Unmaskings' may be common — and that's the problem Trump administration sends list to Congress of Obama officials who 'unmasked' Flynn MORE and the U.S. Ambassador to Turkey also requested access for the document, Zaid said.

It is not clear whether these officials were looking at one document or multiple, but the vast majority of times Flynn’s name was unmasked was during December 14, 15 and 16.  During that time, the U.S. Ambassador to Russia asked to see the identity of the U.S. person in the intelligence report. 

“That's probably one document that everyone went, ‘What the hell, who is this U.S. person that's in this document?’” Zaid added.

Alexander Bolton contributed.