GOP prepares assault on 'patent trolls'

Congressional Republicans see legislation advancing “early this year” to address the problem of “patent trolls,” and advocates are gearing up for the fight. 

Republicans are bullish on their chances of passing changes to the legal system to combat so-called "patent trolls" who are accused of extracting settlements with threats of frivolous litigation.

Legislative action has support from both parties and President Obama, raising the prospect that a bill could become an early bipartisan achievement of the new Congress.

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"At a time where there are a lot of differences between the political parties here in Washington, it seems to be one area certainly among others, where the White House, where Republicans and Democrats all agree that we need to pass legislation," Senate Majority Whip John CornynJohn CornynDemocrats give Trump trade chief high marks GOP senators divided over approach to election security GOP lawmakers want Mulvaney sidelined in budget talks MORE (R-Texas) said last week, during the nomination hearing for President Obama's pick to lead the U.S. Patent Office. 

The Texas senator said he looked "forward to moving legislation early this year" under the leadership of new Judiciary Chairman Chuck GrassleyCharles (Chuck) Ernest GrassleyGrassley raises concerns about objectivity of report critical of GOP tax law's effects Overnight Health Care: Key Trump drug pricing proposal takes step forward | Missouri Planned Parenthood clinic loses bid for license | 2020 Democrats to take part in Saturday forum on abortion rights Key Trump proposal to lower drug prices takes step forward MORE (R-Iowa). 

Cornyn teamed up with Sen. Charles SchumerCharles (Chuck) Ellis SchumerMcConnell-backed Super PAC says nominating Roy Moore would be 'gift wrapping' seat to Dems McConnell vows to 'vigorously' oppose Moore's Senate bid Pelosi: Trump delay on Harriet Tubman is 'an insult to the hopes of millions' MORE (D-N.Y.) last year to try to work through a compromise on patent trolls, but the effort stalled. That proposal is expected to be a jumping off point for new legislation, and his office said staff-level discussions are ongoing. 

In the House, Judiciary Chairman Bob GoodlatteRobert (Bob) William GoodlatteTop Republican releases full transcript of Bruce Ohr interview It’s time for Congress to pass an anti-cruelty statute DOJ opinion will help protect kids from dangers of online gambling MORE (R-Va.) pushed bipartisan legislation through the lower chamber last Congress and recently said he hoped to work with the Senate to pass something "as quickly as possible."

Advocates off Capitol Hill are readying themselves for the fight.

Patent reform advocates including technology companies, retailers and restaurant associations teamed up this month to lobby members on Capitol Hill, in their home states and through media campaigns. The coalition, known as United for Patent Reform, includes Google, Facebook, Amazon and Verizon.

Beth Provenzano, a co-chair of the group, told The Hill that the dynamics on Capitol Hill are "working in our favor," and the group recently sent a letter to the leaders of the House and Senate Judiciary committee outlining their priorities. 

The Internet Association, another trade group representing a series of technology giants, said it would be flying in patent experts from its member companies over the next few months to present its case. 

"Patent trolls are a drag on innovation and the broader economy, and our patent system is in dire need of comprehensive reform," said Noah Theran, the group's spokesman.

Opponents of the legislation warn the reforms could end up harming the patent system, inhibiting research and innovation while also discouraging legitimate patent infringement cases. Some of the main opposition to Senate reform last year reportedly came from the pharmaceutical industry as well as trial lawyers. 

Last Congress, Goodlatte's bill — the Innovation Act — overwhelming passed the House. It would have increased the amount of information plaintiffs have to present when filing patent lawsuits, as well as forced the losing party in patent infringement cases to pay the winning party's legal fees, among other things. 

The changes were meant to discourage companies from buying up patents solely for the purpose of threatening litigation and scoring hefty settlements from companies.

Some advocates suggested the Goodlatte bill is a good start but said can be improved. 

The Obama administration also remains committed to a legislative fix, said Michelle Lee, the president's nominee to lead the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.

A year ago, Obama gave patent reform a shoutout in the State of the Union, and some advocates were disappointed it did not get another mention this year. Still, Lee said the omission was not an indication of a policy shift at the White House.

"For patents to get two mentions two years in a row would be fantastic, but the president obviously has many competing demands on his time," she said at the Brookings Institution last week. "But it is not at all a reflection of his priority, or change in priorities.”

Other Senate Democrats, however, are echoing warnings from biotechnology, research and other companies that the patent landscape has fundamentally changed, following recent Supreme Court decisions and past legislative changes just now taking effect. In a letter organized by the Innovation Alliance last week, a group of 240 businesses noted patent litigation has dropped 40 percent from 2013 to 2014. 

"I agree we need to find a way of working together to clamp down on abuses. But I would urge a little caution as we consider any changes,"  said Sen. Chris CoonsChristopher (Chris) Andrew CoonsDemocrats want White House hopefuls to cool it on Biden attacks Senators revive effort to create McCain human rights commission Senate Dem to reintroduce bill with new name after 'My Little Pony' confusion MORE (D-Del.), another member of the Judiciary Committee.