The House Judiciary Committee's lopsided approval of patent reform legislation last month would not have looked as overwhelming if every member showed up.
Six of the seven members of the committee who were absent told The Hill they are leaning toward opposing the measure in its current form. Five of those opponents supported a similar bill last Congress.
While the extra votes would not have affected ultimate passage (24-8), they would have shed light on growing opposition that has managed to delay a scheduled floor vote past the August recess.
Four Republicans and two Democrats on the committee who missed the vote said they are leaning against supporting it this time around. Rep. Trey GowdyTrey GowdyTrey Gowdy sets goal of avoiding ideological echo chamber with Fox News show Fox News signs Trey Gowdy, Dan Bongino for new shows Pompeo rebukes Biden's new foreign policy MORE (R-S.C.) is the only member who missed the vote who said he will likely vote for it in the full House.
Along with Jordan on the Republican side, Reps. Jim SensenbrennerFrank (Jim) James SensenbrennerProtecting the fundamental right of all Americans to have access to the voting booth Republicans compare Ron Johnson to Joe McCarthy: NYT GOP puts pressure on Pelosi over Swalwell MORE (Wis.), Raul Labrador (Idaho) and Ken Buck (Colo.) said they all had problems with the bill in its current form.
Earlier this month, Buck said he would "imagine the bill is going to get reworked" before hitting the floor. All but Buck, a freshman, supported the bill last time around.
On the Democratic side, Reps. Luis GutierrezLuis Vicente GutierrezBiden's inauguration marked by conflict of hope and fear The Hill's Campaign Report: Democratic primary fight shifts to South Carolina, Nevada Democrats rally behind incumbents as Lipinski takes liberal fire MORE (Ill.) and Cedric Richmond (La.) said they are both leaning toward opposing the measure.
When reminded he supported a similar bill last Congress, he said: “It wasn’t substantially similar. This one had a lot more in it I didn’t like, so no I would not have supported it.”
The Innovation Act, which aims to reform some patent infringement litigation tactics abused by so-called trolls, passed the committee with eight opponents — only three more “no” votes than last Congress.
House Majority Leader Kevin McCarthy (R-Calif.) had put it on the July schedule and it appeared to be heading toward quick approval after a similar bill passed the full House last Congress 325-91.
But after a series of meetings, which opponents say did not go well, the bill was taken off the July calendar. McCarthy said last week that “there is more work to be done on it.”
The Judiciary Committee has continued to tout support for the bill from nearly 300 groups, and it has organized a series of educational meetings for lawmakers and staff. One held Thursday featured U.S. Patent and Trademark Director Michelle Lee.
Advocates argue they never expected support to be as strong as last Congress.
Industry groups who use patents in different ways — from tech and retail firms to biotechnology and pharmaceutical companies — are attempting to pull the bill in different directions. While there appears to be a substantial cushion even with defectors in the House, the Senate is also working on a bill with key difference that has been more palatable to critics.
Opponents of the House bill say the dynamics surrounding patent reform are much different this time around and people are looking at it with a lot more scrutiny. Conservative groups like the Heritage Action recently called to keep the bill off the floor. And some Democrats, who have been more wary of the bill, have vocalized their opposition.
Two Democrats on the committee, who actually cast a ballot, switched their vote from last Congress and are now opposing the bill. Reps. Ted Deutch (Fla.) and Karen BassKaren Ruth BassDOJ announces agencywide limits on chokeholds and no-knock entries The Hill's Morning Report - Presented by AT&T - Supreme Court lets Texas abortion law stand Bass says she is 'seriously considering' running for LA mayor MORE (Calif.) sent out a dear colleague letter early this month urging others to defect. They cited a slew of Supreme Court cases on patents that have changed precedent as well as changes at the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office.
“The patent landscape has changed dramatically in the past two years, and the changes are working to eliminate the need for the sweeping changes proposed in H.R. 9,” they wrote to their colleagues.