Report accuses US tech giants of impeding Senate's Russia probe

A report prepared for the Senate Intelligence Committee's probe into Russia's online disinformation campaigns aimed at U.S. voters accused Facebook, Google and Twitter of impeding the investigation.

The analysis, prepared by researchers with the firm New Knowledge, said the internet giants submitted incomplete datasets to the panel and may have misled lawmakers about the efforts of the Russian troll farm known as the Internet Research Agency.

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"Regrettably, it appears that the platforms may have misrepresented or evaded in some of their statements to Congress; one platform claimed that no specific groups were targeted (this is only true if speaking strictly of ads), while another dissembled about whether or not the Internet Research Agency created content to discourage voting (it did)," the report said. "It is unclear whether these answers were the result of faulty or lacking analysis, or a more deliberate evasion."

The Washington Post was first to report on the document, which was one of two third-party analyses submitted to the panel on the Internet Research Agency's efforts to sow discord among U.S. voters during and after the 2016 campaign. The other was conducted by researchers at the University of Oxford and the digital analytics firm Graphika.

Both reports concluded that the Internet Research Agency sought to promote President TrumpDonald John TrumpSenate GOP budget ignores Trump, cuts defense Trump says he'll nominate Stephen Moore to Fed White House: ISIS territory in Syria has been 100 percent eliminated MORE and the Republican Party.

"What is clear is that all of the messaging clearly sought to benefit the Republican Party — and specifically, Donald Trump," the Oxford report said.

A Facebook spokesperson said in a statement that the company has been fully cooperative with the Russia probe.

"We've provided thousands of ads and pieces of content to the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence for review and shared information with the public about what we found," the spokesperson said. "Since then, we've made progress in helping prevent interference on our platforms during elections, strengthened our policies against voter suppression ahead of the 2018 midterms, and funded independent research on the impact of social media on democracy.”

A spokesperson for Twitter said in a statement: “Our singular focus is to improve the health of the public conversation on our platform, and protecting the integrity of elections is an important aspect of that mission. We’ve made significant strides since 2016 to counter manipulation of our service, including our release of additional data in October related to previously disclosed activities to enable further independent academic research and investigation.”

A spokeswoman for Google declined to comment but pointed to the company's efforts to cooperate with the Senate probe and improve transparency for its political ads.

Led by Sens. Richard BurrRichard Mauze BurrGOP's Tillis comes under pressure for taking on Trump Warner says there are 'enormous amounts of evidence' suggesting Russia collusion McCarthy dismisses Democrat's plans: 'Show me where the president did anything to be impeached' MORE (R-N.C.) and Mark WarnerMark Robert WarnerHillicon Valley: Kushner accused of using WhatsApp, personal email for official work | White House rejects request for Trump-Putin communications | Facebook left 'hundreds of millions' of passwords unsecured | Tech pressured to root out extremism Lawmakers urge tech to root out extremism after New Zealand Dems request probe into spa owner suspected of trying to sell access to Trump MORE (D-Va.), the Senate Intelligence Committee has been investigating Russia's election interference for almost two years.

Much of the investigation has taken place behind closed doors, with lawmakers and committee staff interviewing witnesses including Donald Trump Jr.Donald (Don) John TrumpOn The Money: Liberal groups pressure Dems over Trump's tax returns | Top Trump economist says tax cuts powering economy | Trump Jr. slams Theresa May over Brexit delay | Watchdog warns of 'rosy' assumptions in Trump budget Trump Jr. slams Brexit delay: 'Theresa May should have taken my father's advice' The Hill's Morning Report - Dems contemplate big election and court reforms MORE and Michael Cohen, the president's former personal attorney who recently pleaded guilty to lying to Congress about discussions about plans to build a Trump property in Moscow.

Some of the investigation has taken place publicly, including the dramatic testimony of former FBI Director James ComeyJames Brien ComeyThe Hill's Morning Report — Washington readies for Mueller end game Comey: I'm not rooting for Mueller to demonstrate Trump is a criminal Trump's attacks on McCain exacerbate tensions with Senate GOP MORE last summer and, later, public hearings with top tech company executives.

Warner has repeatedly expressed frustration with Silicon Valley throughout the process and has proposed a number of ways to regulate the internet platforms.

"This should stand as a wake up call to us all that none of us are immune from this threat, and it is time to get serious in addressing this challenge," Warner said in a statement Monday. "That is going to require some much-needed and long-overdue guardrails when it comes to social media. I hope these reports will spur legislative action in the Congress and provide additional clarity to the American public about Russia’s assault on our democracy.”

The committee has already released investigative reports on election security and the intelligence community's assessment of Russian interference. Lawmakers are expected to unveil their own reports on social media, the Obama administration's response to Russian meddling, and whether there was collusion between the Trump campaign and Moscow.

Burr has signaled the investigation will extend into 2019, telling The Hill last week that he is “fairly confident” the probe will wrap up in the spring.

Monday's report found that Russia used a myriad of social media tools and messages to promote President Trump's 2016 campaign and his administration.

Researchers said the Internet Research Agency emphasized an "expansive cross-platform media mirage" to target black voters.

When its Facebook campaign attracted attention from lawmakers and the special counsel's office, the group shifted many of its resources to Instagram, which is owned by Facebook.

Among Trump supporters, the group pushed the unsupported claim that the president would have won the popular vote if it weren't for undocumented immigrants flooding the polls. The campaign also targeted liberals with an array of messages, pushing back against early calls for impeachment and attacking the Electoral College.

"Increasingly, we’ve seen how social media platforms intended to foster open dialogues can be used by hostile foreign actors seeking to manipulate and subvert public opinion," Burr, who chairs the Senate Intelligence Committee, said in a statement.

"This newly released data demonstrates how aggressively Russia sought to divide Americans by race, religion and ideology, and how the [Internet Research Agency] actively worked to erode trust in our democratic institutions. Most troublingly, it shows that these activities have not stopped."

Updated at 1:17 p.m.