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Senate unveils 1,030-page highway bill

Senate unveils 1,030-page highway bill
© Greg Nash

Senate leaders on Tuesday unveiled a mammoth 1,030-page bill to extend federal transportation funding.

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The legislation, which was negotiated by Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnellAddison (Mitch) Mitchell McConnellMcConnell shoots down Manchin's voting compromise Environmental groups urge congressional leaders to leave climate provisions in infrastructure package Loeffler meets with McConnell amid speculation of another Senate run MORE (R-Ky.) and Sens Jim InhofeJames (Jim) Mountain InhofeOvernight Defense: Biden participates in NATO summit | White House backs 2002 AUMF repeal | Top general says no plans for airstrikes to help Afghan forces after withdrawal Top Republican proposes leaving 1,000 US troops in Afghanistan into next year The Hill's Morning Report - Presented by Citizens' Climate Lobby - Biden floats infrastructure, tax concessions to GOP MORE (R-Okla.) and Barbara BoxerBarbara Levy BoxerBottom line Trump administration halting imports of cotton, tomatoes from Uighur region of China Biden inaugural committee to refund former senator's donation due to foreign agent status MORE (D-Calif.), is intended to prevent an interruption in the nation's road and transit funding at the end of July. It would extend the funding for at least three years.

The three senators said the agreement "reverses the trend of short-term, temporary fixes to fund the nation’s transportation network.

"The bill is fully offset with spending reductions or changes to federal programs," they said. "It does not increase the deficit or raise taxes." 

Congress has been grappling since 2005 with a transportation funding shortfall that is estimated to be about $16 billion per year. Budget scorekeepers have estimated it will take about $100 billion, in addition to gas tax revenue, to pay for a six-year transportation bill. 

The Senate bill closes the funding gap for three years largely through revenue from reducing interests rates paid by the Federal Reserve to banks, selling oil from the Strategic Petroleum Reserve and by using fees from the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) and customs processing.

The proposal calls for generating $16.3 billion from interest rate changes, $9 billion from sales of reserved oil, $4 billion from customs fees, $3.5 billion from the TSA fees and $1.9 billion from extending guarantees on mortgage-backed securities that had been scheduled to start declining in 2021.

Other funding sources in the measure include approximately $7.7 billion in tax compliance measures.

  Senate's 1,030-page highway bill