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Federal employees push for COVID-19 protections in 'dangerous' workplaces

Federal employees push for COVID-19 protections in 'dangerous' workplaces
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Thousands of federal employees who have been working remotely for weeks are starting to return to their offices, and they’re raising concerns about what they see as a lack of protections against the coronavirus.

IRS employees are among those who have begun returning to their workplaces as the White House desperately tries to rush aid to millions of Americans and jump-start a cratering economy.

But employee unions and their Democratic allies say the Trump administration hasn’t put in place proper protocols to ensure a safe workplace, nor has it supplied masks and other protective equipment to front-line federal workers like Transportation Security Administration (TSA) officers, who have been working at airports throughout the weeks-long coronavirus crisis.

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"It's dangerous. It's dangerous for those federal employees," said former Health and Human Services Secretary Donna ShalalaDonna Edna ShalalaIt's time for a second Conference on Food, Nutrition and Health Biden's new challenge: Holding Trump accountable Trump, Florida complicate Biden approach to Cuba MORE, now a Florida Democratic congresswoman who is Speaker Nancy PelosiNancy PelosiOn The Money: Democrats deals to bolster support for relief bill | Biden tries to keep Democrats together | Retailers fear a return of the mask wars Here's who Biden is now considering for budget chief Biden urges Democrats to advocate for rescue package MORE’s (D-Calif.) pick to serve on a new coronavirus oversight commission.

“Do I think it’s dangerous for them to open? Yes. Do I think that we have the level of cleaning? Boy, I'm not criticizing the cleaners, because they've all been working hard. No, the answer is no. It's too early. It's too early.”

Five TSA workers have died from the coronavirus, as have four IRS employees.

The challenge is most acute at airports, since droplets from an infected person can easily spread through an airplane cabin. TSA officers must directly interact with all travelers during the security screening process, even if those travelers are exhibiting coronavirus symptoms.

“Our TSA employees are required — it’s not a choice, it's mandatory that they interact closely and daily with passengers, thereby increasing the likelihood of being exposed to COVID-19,” Rep. Val DemingsValdez (Val) Venita DemingsHouse Judiciary split on how to address domestic extremism Demings on possible Senate, Florida governor run: 'I'm keeping that door open' Lawmakers remember actress Cicely Tyson MORE (D-Fla.), who was a police captain at the Orlando airport the day of the 9/11 attacks, said Thursday on a conference call about TSA workers. “They have been there and will be there to protect us. And now, once again, we have an opportunity to protect them.”

The TSA said this week that 500 of its employees have tested positive for COVID-19.

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They're among more than 10,000 federal workers across the country who've contracted the virus, according to a Government Executive report.

It’s figures like those that have prompted Democrats like Rep. Lou CorreaJose (Lou) Luis CorreaRep. Lou Correa tests positive for COVID-19 An attack on America that's divided Congress — and a nation FAA: No more warnings for unruly passengers on flights MORE (D-Calif.), chairman of the House Homeland Security Committee’s panel that oversees transportation issues, Rep. Dina TitusAlice (Dina) Costandina TitusHouse Democrats introduce bill to address diversity at State Department Coordinated federal leadership is needed for recovery of US travel and tourism Shakespeare Theatre Company goes virtual for 'Will on the Hill...or Won't They?' MORE (D-Nev.) and Demings to push for the next coronavirus relief package, dubbed CARES 2, to include provisions for TSA workers, including better health care coverage and survivor benefits for family members of officers who die on the job.

But it’s not just the statistics. Some Democratic lawmakers said they were deeply disturbed by what they witnessed at TSA checkpoints when they flew to Washington last week to vote on a coronavirus relief package.

Some recalled seeing officers without protective masks while handling driver's licenses and other ID cards, potentially passing germs from one passenger to the next.

“I was shocked and dismayed,” Rep. Dean PhillipsDean PhillipsCurator estimates Capitol art damage from mob totals K Architect of the Capitol considering display on Jan. 6 riot Rep. Phillips says he did not truly understand white privilege until the Capitol riot MORE (D-Minn.) said on a separate phone call Thursday about safety for front-line workers. “The protocols are clearly not as robust as they need to be. As we contemplate reopening and reengaging and reconnecting, we have a duty and responsibility to protect those who are providing safety for us and also to the traveling public.”

Rep. Debbie DingellDeborah (Debbie) Ann DingellLawmakers offer gun control bill to end 'boyfriend loophole' Michigan Democrat Dingell on violent rhetoric: 'I've had men in front of my house with assault weapons' Dingell 'very concerned' about lowering threshold for stimulus MORE (D-Mich.) said she questioned some TSA officers who weren’t wearing masks or other personal protective equipment (PPE). In the absence of an agency-wide policy, they told her it was a personal choice.

“We’re living at a very complicated time of individual liberty versus the common good,” said Dingell, a member of Democratic leadership. But, she added, “everybody should have PPE equipment for their place of work.”

A TSA official told The Hill that the agency always requires that its front-line workers wear nitrile disposable gloves when screening, and that passengers may request new gloves be worn when they are screened. TSA also has authorized employees to use eye protection, N95 respirators and surgical masks, though that protective gear remains voluntary at most airports, the official said.

In some high-risk locations, TSA security directors can mandate officers to wear masks.

“TSA remains committed to the health and safety of our workforce,” the agency said in a statement.

But given the gaps in guidance, Democrats are eyeing a host of worker safety protections as they craft the CARES 2 package, which is expected to be released in the House this month.

Led by Rep. Bobby ScottRobert (Bobby) Cortez ScottNASA names headquarters building after agency's first Black female engineer House Democrats to keep minimum wage hike in COVID-19 relief bill for Friday vote Full COVID recovery requires raising the minimum wage MORE (D-Va.), chairman of the House Education and Labor Committee, Democrats are hoping to require the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) to adopt new workplace standards for combating airborne infectious diseases like the coronavirus. While the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has issued guidance for workplace safety, it is nonbinding.

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Democrats, in the CARES Act that was signed into law March 27, sought language requiring OSHA to adopt temporary, binding work safety standards, but it was rejected by Senate Republicans and the White House. Scott is now pushing for the same provision in CARES 2, and union leaders are rallying behind him.

Workers need “protection of an OSHA temporary standard for the pandemic,” said Everett Kelley, president of the American Federation of Government Employees, which represents 700,000 federal workers.

That provision is sure to once again meet plenty of resistance from congressional Republicans, many of whom bucked the advice of public health experts last week and refused to wear masks during votes on emergency coronavirus legislation. But the issue is gaining urgency as more states begin to ease their social distancing requirements, and President TrumpDonald TrumpHouse passes voting rights and elections reform bill DEA places agent seen outside Capitol during riot on leave Georgia Gov. Kemp says he'd 'absolutely' back Trump as 2024 nominee MORE scrambles to resuscitate the devastated economy.

In a letter to House leaders this week, roughly 150 Democrats called for the CARES 2 bill to include OSHA’s temporary standard, provide hazard pay and expand leave benefits for those unable to work due to risks stemming from underlying health issues.

“As federal workers continue to ensure that critical operations continue during this pandemic, many have already contracted COVID-19, some have died, and thousands more remain at risk for infection,” read the letter spearheaded by Reps. Reps. Bonnie Watson ColemanBonnie Watson ColemanNAACP, Rep. Bennie Thompson sue Trump, Giuliani over Capitol riot Fallen Capitol Police officer to lie in honor in Rotunda Over 40 lawmakers sign letter urging Merrick Garland to prioritize abolishing death penalty MORE (D-N.J.), Mark PocanMark William PocanDemocrats cut deals to bolster support for relief bill Progressives grumble but won't sink relief bill over fewer stimulus checks Democrats don't trust GOP on 1/6 commission: 'These people are dangerous' MORE (D-Wis.) and Salud CarbajalSalud CarbajalCapitol riots spark fear of Trump's military powers in final days House Democrats push Biden's Pentagon pick on civilian control of military GOP Rep. Dan Newhouse tests positive for COVID-19 MORE (D-Calif.).

Among the federal employees particularly at risk, the Democrats wrote, are those at TSA, the Federal Emergency Management Agency and meat inspectors at the Department of Agriculture.

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Fueling their effort, the District of Columbia on Thursday announced the deaths of 19 more residents to COVID-19 — the largest one-day tally in the nation’s capital since the pandemic began.

Earlier this week, IRS began calling back “mission-critical” workers like those who staff customer-service call centers and open the millions of pieces of mail the agency has received during the pandemic. The agency is playing a crucial role in distributing cash payments to millions of taxpayers — a central provision of the $2.2 trillion CARES Act.

The IRS is requiring returning workers to cover their faces but said they should bring their own masks or cloth coverings until the agency can secure PPE for all workers. The IRS has informed the Professional Managers Association (PMA), which represents the agency’s 11,000 workers, that it had secured some masks, disinfectant and hand sanitizer for workers.

“Given the supply chain issues and hundreds of locations from which the IRS operates, it will likely take additional time and efforts to ensure every facility is properly stocked with PPE,” said Chad Hooper, PMA president.

Rep. Jamie RaskinJamin (Jamie) Ben RaskinDeJoy apologizes for mail delays while defending Postal Service changes Officer on Capitol riot: 'Is this America? They beat police officers with Blue Lives Matter flags' Considering impeachment's future MORE (D-Md.) said many of the 65,000 federal workers he represents in his district outside D.C. are scared about returning to work.

“My constituents are terrified of an arbitrary decision to just reopen the federal government on the Fourth of July or on June 1. We want a real science to this process. We want a real formal public analysis of what is safe and what is not,” Raskin said. 

“What we need is a coherent nationwide plan that applies not just to all the states, but to the federal government itself.”

Updated at 12:09 p.m.